mathorigins.com/image grid.htm
Presented by Bruce C. Friedman
Page created: June 11, 2003
Last modified: July 31, 2008

LATEST Additions and Revisions:

On July 31; added MOSCOW papyrus analysis - see G. WATCH FOR: EUCLID analysis G in progress.

CLICK on the small colored boxes for ancient images and analysis
CLICK on the KEYWORDS for bibliographical references
C = Cuneiform (Akkadian/Babylonian/Elamite/Persian/Sumerian/Ugaritic...)
D = Demotic (Late Egyptian Script)
E = Excerpt scanned from text
G = Guide to images content and links
H = Hieratic (Ancient Middle Egyptian Script)
K = Greek/Milesian (Ancient) and Linear A [probably Greek-ish]
M = Mesoamerican (Aztec/Mayan/Mixtec/Olmec/Toltec...)

N = Notes from my studies/archive

O = Old website from AOL; new version for this domain
R = Relevant link to website by others
S = Source image link
V = Other cursives (Arabic; Farsi; Hebrew...)
T = Translation or transcription
HOME to mathorigins.com
image grid
KEYWORD
IMAGES and ANALYSIS
ABU SIR
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_
           
accounting papyri
S+H
T
        N G
5th Dynasty [~2500 BCE]; Ancient Egyptian
 
ACHMIM GREEK
_
_
_
_
_
_
   
math papyri
S+K
S+K
S+K
S+K
S+K
S+K
   
~300-800 CE; Greek; unit fractions
 
ACHMIM HIERATIC images
_
_
_
_
_
     
ACHMIM HIERATIC analysis
_
_
_
_
_
 
_
_
math on wood tablets (S+H ALL)
3rds
7ths
10ths
11ths
13ths
 
MILO
G
~12th Dynasty [~2000 BCE]; Ancient Egyptian; transition period from horus eye to hieratic
 
AHMES/ RHIND/ RMP
_
_
_
_
     
math papyri
S+H
H
gO14
R2
  N G
Copied 1585-1542 BCE from an original dated to 1844-1797 BCE; Ancient Egyptian
 
BAHISTUN/ DARIUS
_
_
_
_
_
_
   
Achaemenid inscriptions; little/NO MATH
E+C
R
R2
R3
R4
R5
 
 
~480 BCE; Old Persian cuneiform alongside Old Elamite and Akkadian; R2-see BJ1979
 
BERLIN
_
_
           
math papyri
S+H
T
 
 
 
 
 
 
~late 12-13th Dynasty [1850-1600 BCE]; Ancient Egyptian
 
BOULAQ/BULAQ papyri
_
_
_
_
_
_
   
math (content)
S+H
T
S+H
T
S+H
T
 
 
~late 18-19th Dynasty?; Ancient Egyptian
 
BRUCE
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_
_
_
_
_
_
_
HOT math links
INF
FER
Milo
O1
O2
 O3
O4
O5
BRUCE again
_
_
_
_
_
_
   
HOT math links
O6
O7
O8
O9
O10
R
 
 
MODERN AND ANCIENT MATH
 
CARLSBERG papyri
_
_
           
math (content); astronomical
S+D
R
       
 
 
Late period Egyptian [Greco-Roman] papyrus
 
CUBIT
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
 
math (content)
S
S+N
S+N
S+N
R1
R2
R3
 
Various items [1500 BCE - 500 CE]; origins and functions and inscriptions obscure
 
DRESDEN CODEX
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_
_
_
_
_
 
_
math (content); astronomical
R1M
R2M
R3M
R4M
R5M
G24
 
G71
Post Classical Mayan Calendar with Great Year; Venus ; lunar eclipses
 
EMLR
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
 
math leather roll fragment
S+H
H
R
O1
 O2
 O3
O5 
 
prior to 18th Dynasty [~1650 BCE]; Ancient Egyptian
 
EUCLID Elements
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_
math (content); Greek geometer
V
 
 
 
 
 
G
~300 BCE; EUCLID of Alexandria; AKA Eukleides;
 
FARA TABLETS
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_
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_
       
math (content); metrology
E+C
E+C
E
E
 
 
 
 
before 1500 BCE; Old Babylonian/Sumerian base 60 units
 
FIBONACCI; LIBER ABBACI
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_
           
math (content)
E
E
 
 
 
 
 
 
1202 CE; In the style of an Ancient Egyptian; unit fractions; AKA LEONARDO De PISANO
 
GILGAMESH letter
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_
           
math (content)
E
E
 
 
 
 
 
 
~900-300 BCE; Mesopotamian origins
 
HIBEH (parapegma i.27) papyrus
_
_
_
       
_
math (content); calendrical
S+K
G
N
 
 
 
 
G
~300 BCE; probably by an Ancient Egyptian student learning about Greek calendars
 
HYPSICLES Anaphorikos
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_
_
_
       
math (content); calendrical
E
E
E
N
 
 
 
 
~250-175 BCE; in the style of an Ancient Babylonian; about Greek calendars
 
KAHUN
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_
_
_
_
_
   
math papyri
S+H
S+H
S+H
O8
O9
O10
~late 12 Dynasty [~1850 BCE]; Ancient Egyptian
 
KESKINTO inscription
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_
_
_
     
_
math (content); astronomical
S+K
 E1
E2 
 E3 
 
 
 
G
~150 BCE; Greek; from Rhodes (elliptical planetary orbits and Great year(s) considered?)
 
KORAN/QURAN
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_
_
_
     
math (content)
E
E
E
E
~621-624 CE; Muslim/Semitic holy text
 
M38 and M39 at Brown University
_
_
           
[proto-] math tablet
R
R2+S
           
2035-2028 BCE; Sumerian tax records; Metrology; note: month of God Dumuzi; see SKL NOTES LINK
 
MOSKAU/MOSCOW
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_
_
     
_
math papyri
S+H
R
R
 
 
 
G
13th Dynasty [1783-1640+? BCE]; Ancient Egyptian
 
NBC 7344; from Yale Baby. Coll.
_
             
math tablet
R+C
     
 
 
 
 
Babylonian; 5 x table on clay tablet
 
PHAISTOS: stamped disc
_
_
_
_
_
_
 
_
math content? Personnel list?
S+K
S+K
R1
R2
N
R3
 
G
~1600 BCE; Ancient Knossos, Crete; Undeciphered Hieroglyphic Linear A [Minoan]
 
PLIMPTON 322
_
_
_
_
       
math tablet
S+C
R1
R2
N+C
 
 
 
 
~1850 BCE; Ancient Mesopotamia; Pitagorean triples!
 
REISNER
_
_
           
accounting papyri
S+H
T 
 
 
 
 
 
 
~12th Dynasty ~1950 BCE?; Ancient Egyptian
 
SAQQARA ostracon
_
             
math (content)
S+H
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Old Kingdom; 3rd Dynasty Ancient Egyptian; saddle back roof ordinates
 
SENENMUT ostracon
_
             
math (content)
S+H
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
18th Dynasty [reign of Hatshepsut]; Ancient Egyptian
 
SKL: The Sumerian Kings List
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_
_
_
       
math (content)
R
N
R2
R3+C
 
 
 
 
~2000-1800 BCE; Sumerian; sexagesimal; one version is the OXFORD PRISM
 
TALMUD Mishnah Kelim
_
_
           
math (content); metrology
E
 E
 
 
 
 
 
 
Orally from ~1500 BCE; compiled in Mesopotamia ~500 BCE; Jewish/Semitic purification rituals
 
TORAH Exodus 26; Numbers 35
_
_
_
         
math (content); metrology
E
E
E
 
 
 
 
 
Genesis book/event dated to 3760 BCE?; Jewish/Semitic holy text
 
TURIN ostraca
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_
           
math (content)
S+H
S+H
           
~20th Dynasty?; Ancient Egyptian
 
UM 29-15-485; from Univ. of Penn.
_
_
_
         
math tablet
R+C
N+C
N+C
 
 
 
 
 
Old Babylonian; 36 x table on clay tablet
 
UM 29-15-503; from Univ. of Penn.
_
_
_
         
math tablet
R+C
N+C
N+C
 
 
 
 
 
Old Babylonian; 30 x table on clay tablet
 
YBC 7289 from Yale Univ.
_
_
           
math tablet
R+C
N+C
 
 
 
 
 
 
Babylonian; square root of two approximated on clay tablet
 
YBC 7290 from Yale Univ.
_
             
math tablet
N+C
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Babylonian; correct Area of a trapezoid on clay tablet
 
YBC 7302u from Yale Univ.
_
             
math tablet
N+C
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Babylonian; Pi equals three! on clay tablet